The researchers performed morphological and molecular analyses on the species, which allowed them to put them in a new category of bee species. The bees involved are primitive bees with a length of only 6 or 7 millimetres. They have South Africa's Cape Province as their natural habitat and have only been spotted there.
The bees have been attributed to the new family Capalictus. The KBIN has some specimens of the new species in its collection. The Belgian scientists cooperated with America's Cornell University and London's Natural History Museum for their research.