Earlier forecasts for 2060 spoke of a population of only 12.5 million. The Planning Office also believes that in the long-term migration flows will once again rise. This is the result of a rising world population, greater mobility and globalisation. Population increase as a result of migration should rise to between 25,000 and 30,000 a year in the long-term. Stricter rules on family reunifications involving people from outside the EU have arrested the growth of non-European migration for the minute.
The increase in the population due to higher births and lower deaths is set to fall as the baby boom generation becomes elderly starting 2030.
Life expectancy continues to rise, but will rise more slowly starting 2060. Life expectancy for a boy child born in that year is expected to be 86.3 years and for a girl child 88.4 years. In the long-term fertility will stay at 1.8 children per woman.