The fall in the new of new infections comes mainly due to a fall in the number of new cases of sexually active gay men becoming infected. Last year sexually active gay men accounted for 48.6% of new HIV infections of which the cause was known.
The number of new infections among gay men has fallen by 34% since 2013. Meanwhile, last year just 1% of cases of new HIV infections came about as a result of intravenous drug use. Belgians accounted for 63% of new HIV diagnosis in 2017. 17% were other EU nationals and 20% were people from countries outside the EU.
The number of those that became infected with HIV through heterosexual activity fell by 39% between 2012 and 2017. Last year heterosexual activity accounted for 48.3% of the new infections of which the cause was known.
49% of these were men and women from countries in Sub-Saharan Africa and 28% were Belgian. The fall in the number of diagnosis among heterosexual can be entirely attributed in the number of new HIV cases among people from Sub-Saharan Africa. The number of heterosexual Belgians becoming infected remained stable between 2008 and 2015 and has fallen slightly since. .
The total number of people in Belgium that are HIV+ is estimated to be 18,908 (1.7 per 1,000 population). 16,849 have already been diagnosed. Around 10% of those that are HIV+ don’t know that they are.