Increasing taxation on aviation would cut greenhouse gas emissions, but would also cost jobs in the Belgian aviation sector. Aviation is being blamed for up to 3% of the gases causing global warming. More worryingly aviation's share is set to grow strongly. At present aviation is excluded from many taxes. The failure to tax kerosene, aircraft fuel, is a major concern of environmentalists, who say aviation today enjoys preferential treatment when it comes to taxation.
Though a Belgian passengers’ tax already exists and landing rights, airport taxes and air traffic control all have to be paid, the EU study notes that the EU is a tax paradise for aviation. Kerosene used on international flights isn't taxed; Many EU nations don't charge VAT on air tickets either. In the US, Canada, Australia and Mexico aviation faces a far harsher environment. Kerosene is taxed on internal and on US-Canada flights.